• Frogs, toads, newts and salamanders are amphibians.
  • Amphibians are cold-blooded.
  • Amphibians spend part of their lives under water and
    part of their lives on land.
  • They lay jelly-covered eggs in the water.
  • Amphibians breathe with gills or lungs or through their skin.
  • Baby amphibians live in water and breathe with gills.
  • An amphibian's skin is moist. (They do NOT have scales.)
  • Amphibians are vertebrates -- they have backbones.
  • Most amphibians live in or near water or in damp places.


  • Some amphibians have no tails
  • Some have four legs two of which are used for jumping.
    (frog and toad )
  • Some amphibians have tails and legs.
    (newts and salamanders)
  • When fullgrown, they may have either lungs or gills.
  • Amphibians that live in cold climates hibernate during the winter.
  • Some amphibians dig deep burrows to stay moist.
  • Some amphibians can produce a poison.
  • A toad can puff itself up to look larger than it really is.
  • There is a frog that is as small as a dime.
  • One type of frog is as big as a football.
  • Salamanders are often mistaken for lizards.
    Unlike lizards, they have smooth moist skin (not scales)
    and they do not have claws on the toes of their feet.


Many young amphibians do not look like their parents.
Young toads, frogs and salamanders are called tadpoles.

learn more about frogs


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last updated in May, 2007