NPS Photo - Watson - 1951 - Public domain image
Mule deer buck with full antlers

Where mule deer are found
- western regions of Canada from B.C. to Manitoba
- western United States
- live in mountains, forests, plains and grasslands

mule deer buck; Miller, NPS
mule deer buck


- height is 1 metre ( 3 feet) to the shoulders
- tan color
- white patches on face, throat and around the tail
- small white rope-like tail with black tip
- antlers are velvety in summer
- antlers fork into two branches
- sheds antlers ( January to March ) photo
- large ears, larger ears than the white-tailed deer

pair of mule deer, USFWS
pair of mule deer


- cougars bear, bobcat, coyote, eagle, wolverine
- man - for the hide ( buckskin ) and meat


-twigs, plants, grass, mushrooms, lichen

The Young

- usually two fawns are born, sometimes three
- born in June or July
- spotted coats for camouflage
- can walk after birth

 2001 Kim Cabrera
2001 Kim Cabrera

other facts

- family : buck ( male ), doe ( female ), fawn ( young )
- farmers build fences to keep deer away from crops
- usually alone or in small family groups
- may group together in winter
- large ears are very sensitive to sounds
- called "jumping deer" because they jump high when they
   hear a noise
mule deer doe, R Robinson - NPS
mule deer doe

White-tailed Deer

Canadian Animals

2003 (ipdated 2011)

Web Pages for Students

information from the Wildlife Fact File
images :
antlers ; buck - Miller; NPS
pair of mule deer - USFWS
doe - R Robinson - NPS
images above from
buck with full antlers - Watson - NPS
2001 Kim Cabrera; from CalPhotos, Berkeley Digital Library Project