INTRODUCTION and DISTRIBUTION
- The Arctic Wolf is also called the Polar Wolf or White Wolf.
- It is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf.
- Arctic wolves live on islands in the Canadian High Arctic (Queen Elizabeth Islands, Banks and Victoria Islands, Baffin Island).
- They are also found on the northern and eastern shores of Greenland.
APPEARANCE and ADAPTATIONS
- They are usually white in colour and smaller than Grey Wolves (which live farther south).
- The white fur makes them harder to see in the snow.
- The muzzle and legs are shorter and the ears are smaller than the Grey Wolf.
- Smaller ears and a shorter muzzle helps to trap body heat.
- The Arctic Wolf has a thick undercoat of soft fur and an overcoat of long thick hairs.
- There are thick pads on the bottoms of the feet.
image credit - Andrew Johnson, Flickr, license - Creative Commons
- Wolves hunt in small packs.
- Each pack hunts and lives in its own territory.
- They are able to live in darkness for months.
- They hunt musk oxen, caribou, lemmings and arctic hare.
- Wolves will also eat birds, seals, arctic foxes and ground squirrels.
- When following herds of musk oxen or caribou, they usually pick on the young or the weak.
- They travel great distances to find food and can go for days without eating.
- A cave or crevice in rocks is used as a den.
- A female has a litter of 2 to 4 pups in May or June.
- The other members of the pack bring food to her.
- Pups are blind, deaf and helpless.
- Their fur is darker (brownish-grey).
- At first, the pups drink their mother's milk.
- In a month they are fed regurgitated meat.