CANADA - the name
- In 1535 explorer Jacques Cartier heard the word "kanata".
- It was used to refer to the site of present day Quebec City.
- "Kanata" was a Huron-Iroquois word for "village" or "settlement"
- The name "Canada" later referred to a large area north of the
St. Lawrence River.
- As more land was explored "Canada" grew.
- The first time "Canada" was used as an official name was in 1791
for the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada.
- In 1867, at the time of Confederation, the new country became
known as Canada.
flag to colour
- Red and white are Canada's official colours.
- The flag first flew on February 15, 1965.
THE MAPLE LEAF and MAPLE TREE
- It is said that the maple leaf served as a symbol of Canada
as early as 1700.
- In 1867 Canada's confederation song The Maple Leaf Forever
was written by Alexander Muir.
- The coat of arms created for Ontario and Quebec both included the
- The maple leaf appears on the penny, on the arms of Canada and
on Canada's flag (1965).
- The red maple leaf is recognized around the world as a symbol of Canada.
- The Aboriginal people of Canada made syrup and sugar from the sap of
the sugar maple tree.
- In 1996 the maple tree was officially recognized as a national emblem.
MAPLE LEAF TARTAN
- The colours resemble the changing colours of the maple leaf during different seasons.
- In summer the leaves are green. Leaves turn gold in early autumn, then red in late autumn.
Fallen leaves turn brown in colour.
- The tartan was designed by David Weiser in 1964.
- The Maple Leaf Tartan was made an official symbol of Canada on March 9, 2011.
THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
- "O Canada" was proclaimed Canada's national anthem on July 1, 1980.
- It was first sung in Québec City on June 24, 1880.
- Link to the words and music for "O Canada"
coat of arms - to colour
COAT OF ARMS
- The Royal Crown is at the very top.
- A crowned lion is above the shield holding a red maple leaf.
- The shield is divided into five sections.
- Three golden lions of England and the lion of Scotland are at the top of the shield.
- The harp of Ireland and the fleur-de-lis of France are next.
- Below the harp and the fleur-de-lis are three maple leaves which represent
Canadians of all origins.
- A lion and a unicorn stand on either side of the shield.
- The lion of England holds the Royal Union Flag.
- The unicorn of Scotland holds the flag of Royal France.
- The motto is right below the shield.
- The coat of arms rests on the floral emblems of the founding countries :
the fleur-de-lis (France), the shamrock (Ireland), the thistle (Scotland)
and the rose (England).
MOTTO - A MARI USQUE AD MARE "From sea to sea"
ANIMAL: THE BEAVER
- The beaver played an important role in Canada's history.
- It is a symbol of the fur trade of the early days.
- Beaver pelts were needed for fur hats.
- English and French fur traders trapped many beavers.
- The fur traders explored large parts of Canada and fur trading posts were built.
- There were six million beavers before the start of the fur trade.
- Then the beaver was in danger of being wiped out.
- At last the demand for beaver pelts ended.
- The beaver was featured on the coat of arms for the Hudson's Bay Company,
Nova Scotia, Quebec City and the city of Montreal.
- It was also featured on the first postage stamp in 1851.
- The beaver officially became an emblem of Canada in 1975.
- A beaver is on the coat of arms for Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba.
- The beaver appears on the nickel .
OUR NATIONAL SPORTS
- In 1994, the Parliament of Canada declared ice hockey as the
national winter sport and lacrosse as the national summer sport.
OTHER SYMBOLS OF CANADA
THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE (RCMP)
colouring page and information
Parliament building colouring page
SYMBOLS and EMBLEMS INDEX
(provinces and territories)
The Symbols of Canada a Government of Canada site
(anthem, flags, seal, emblems, tartan)
Saskatchewan Social Studies Curriculum
Web Pages for Students