-located in the central prairie region of Canada
-Alberta is west, Manitoba is east
-U.S. to the south and Northwest Territories to the north
-Regina, the capital city, is often called "The Queen City".
-The largest cities are Saskatoon (295,095)and Regina (236,481) according to CMA 2016.
-Regina is the home of the RCMP Training Academy.
-flower - Western Red Lily, tree - White Birch, bird - Sharp-tailed Grouse
-motto: "From many peoples strength"
-"Saskatchewan" comes from a Cree word "Kisiskatchewani Sipi" meaning "swift flowing river", which referred to the
  Saskatchewan River.


-one half is forest, one third is farmland
-over 100,000 lakes, rivers, streams
-northern Saskatchewan - forests, marshes, lakes, rivers
-southern region - mainly flat prairie with some rolling hills and valleys
-sand dunes 30 m. high at Athabasca Provincial Park in northwest Saskatchewan
-"Great Sand Hills" in southwest Saskatchewan
-main rivers: Assiniboine, North and South Saskatchewan and Churchill


-First people : Chipewyan (north) , Assiniboine (east), Blackfoot (west) and Cree
-Métis (of mixed European and Aboriginal descent) were among the first settlers.
-majority of Saskatchewanians are of British origin, followed by Germans and Austrians, native people, Ukrainians,
  Scandinavians, and French
-population just over a million ( 1,098,352 ) 2016 census
-largest cities - Saskatoon and Regina (capital city)
-population of Regina (215,106), Saskatoon (246,376) 2016 census


-The earliest explorer was Henry Kelsey (1690).
-Samuel Hearne built trading posts for the Hudson's Bay Company.
-English and French trappers and fur traders arrived.
-Forts were built to maintain law and order.
-In 1874 North West Mounted Police arrived to establish law and order.
-Settlers were encouraged to come and homestead.
-The railroad was built across the southern part of the province in 1882-83.
-Settlers came from eastern Canada, British Isles, the US, and continental Europe.
-Immigrants arrived in large groups and settled in different regions.
-Settlers included Barr colonists from England, Doukhobors from Russia, Hutterites, Mennonites, Hungarians, Ukrainians, French,
  Germans and Scandinavians.
-Saskatchewan became a province in 1905 with Regina as the capital.


-long, cold winters and hot, dry summers
-polar air masses bring winter storms with nasty wind chills and blowing snow
-windy both winter and summer


-grow over 54 percent of Canada's wheat crop
-crops include canola, rye, oats, barley, flaxseeds, wheat, lentils
-raising hogs, cattle and poultry on farms
-forestry in northern Saskatchewan
-rich in minerals (potash, uranium, coal, oil and natural gas)
-world leader in the production of uranium
-leading exporter of potash ( fertilizer )
-Canada's second largest producer of oil (after Alberta)
-third largest producer of natural gas in Canada


-W.O. MITCHELL (born in Weyburn) wrote about prairie life in his book "Who Has Seen the Wind".
-JEANNE SAUVE (born in Prud'homme) was the first woman to become Governor General of Canada.
-GORDIE HOWE, one of the greatest hockey player of the NHL was born in Floral, Sask.
-ALLAN SAPP, a world-renowned Plains-Cree artist was born on the Red Pheasant Reserve.
-BRENT BUTT (born in Tisdale) created and starred in "Corner Gas" a comedy series on TV.
-BUFFY SAINTE-MARIE, a well-known singer/songwriter, was born on the Piapot Reserve in the Qu'Appelle Valley

-Tunnels of Moose Jaw : underground passageways used by the Chinese, gangsters and bootleggers.
-Big Muddy Badlands : unusual land formations and petroglyphs
-Wanuskewin Heritage Park: archaeological digs provide information about the Indians of the Northern Plains
-RCMP Heritage Centre and Training Academy in Regina
-Grasslands National Park: original shortgrass prairie, herds of pronghorn, rattlesnakes, endangered black-tailed prairie dogs,
  burrowing owls and peregrine falcon
-Prince Albert National Park: only protected white pelican nesting colony in Canada, cabin of Grey Owl, herd of plains bison


my Saskatchewan website

Web Pages for Students

J.Giannetta 1999
(updated 2017)

Government of Saskatchewan site

The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan site

The Canadian Encyclopedia - Saskatchewan