The settlers made their own clothing from woolen cloth and linen cloth.


It was alot of work and took many steps to make clothing from wool. Every family member helped. Children helped with the cleaning, teasing and carding of the wool.


  • Shearing
    A sharp knife (or large scissors) was used to cut the wool from the sheep.

  • Cleaning
    The wool was washed to clean off the dirt and the oil from the sheep's skin.

  • Teasing
    The wool was pulled apart to pick out grass, straw, and burrs that were stuck to the fleece.

  • Carding
    The wool was brushed to untangle it and get out the knots.

    carders have sharp teeth
    to get out the knots

  • Spinning
    A spinning wheel was used to make the yarn. Strands of wool fibre were twisted around each other and spun into yarn. The yarn was wound around a spool.


  • Weaving
    Cloth was made by weaving the yarn together on a loom.

  • Dyeing the wool
    Clothing made from wool or linen was not very colourful. The yarn or cloth could be dyed different colours by using bark, nuts, roots, leaves, flowers and berries to make the dye. Sometimes the yarn was dyed before it was woven into cloth so there would be more than one colour in the woven cloth.

  • Making clothing
    Woolen cloth was sewn into dresses, shirts, jackets, pants and other clothing. Yarn was knitted into scarves, mittens, caps, shawls and stockings.

LINEN CLOTH was made from the flax plant. The stems of the flax plant were soaked and separated into strands which were spun into thread. The threads were dyed and then made into linen cloth on a loom.


Used flour or sugar sacks were bleached or dyed then sewn into shirts, dresses, petticoats, sheets and towels. Women made their own patterns and remade clothing to fit the next person who wore it. Clothing that could no longer be used was made into quilts, cut in strips and made into rugs for the floor or used as rags for washing dishes and floors.



| Early days - an introduction | Coming to Canada | Building a home |
| Survival - food & clothing | School, general store, blacksmith |
| Inside a settler's home | Transportation | Fun & games | Pioneer Community |
|Links | Canada | Web Pages for Students |

J.Giannetta 2004
updated 2013

Site Meter