PLAINS FIRST NATIONS :
a type of bread that was cooked over the campfire.
- BIRCHBARK BASKETS
made of birchbark sewn together with spruce roots; sealed
to make watertight containers; used to store wild rice,
dried berries and other foods; decorated with paints and
many people called the animal a "buffalo" but this is incorrect.
Buffalo live in Asia and Africa.
- BOW DRILL
a bow with a stick, used to start campfires
- BREECH CLOUT
or breech cloth was a deerskin stretched between the legs and
fastened by a leather belt in the back and the
front; worn by the men and boys
- BUFFALO JUMP
a method used to kill bison - by driving the animals over the edges
of cliffs or bluffs.
- BUFFALO POUND
another method used to capture bison - by chasing the herd into a closed-in place
- BULL BOAT
small round shaped boat, frame was made of willow branches then covered with
the bison hide.
a light boat made of birchbark; a canoe could carry heavy loads
; used by the First Nations, the fur traders and explorers
- CRADLE BOARD
a frame used to hold a baby; the mother could carry the baby on her back.
- MEDICINE BUNDLE
a carrying case made of animal hide which held things that had a special
meaning to the owner; made after a vision quest.
- MEDICINE MAN
a holy person who healed the sick and performed religious ceremonies
a folded bag used to carry things, made from the hide of an animal
dried meat which was pounded to powder, combined with melted fat and
berries. The meat was usually stored in skin bags.
a form of embroidery using porcupine quills; the quills were used to decorate
clothing, pouches and birchbark boxes and baskets
- SHAMAN (medicine man)
a holy person who was believed to be able to heal the sick and
interpret dreams and visions; he communicated with the spirit world
round and made of bison hide, decorated with feathers and symbols,
had great spiritual power and protected the warrior
- SWEAT LODGE
a dome-shaped tent made of willow branches and covered with hides and blankets, used
for cleansing ceremonies, for meditation and prayer; water was poured on heated stones
to produce steam inside the lodge.
a form of incense which was burnt at ceremonies
- TIPI (teepee)
a cone-shaped shelter made of poles covered with buffalo hides
an A-shaped frame made of two long poles with a platform of wood strips,
webbing or hide for carrying things; it was
pulled by a horse or dog
- VISION QUEST
a ceremony requiring fasting and prayer where a person would receive a vision
which would tell something about his future.
- WINTER COUNT
important events that happened each year were drawn or painted
on a large tanned animal hide
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2002 (updated July 2011)
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