The farmer needs a wide range of tools and machines - for loosening
the soil, getting rid of weeds, planting, mowing and harvesting the crops.
There are specific machines designed for the different crops
that are grown on farms. Some are designed for grain crops, while others
are designed to plant and harvest potatoes, lentils and other crops.
- TRACTOR - the work horse of the farm; tractors pull
farm implements and are used for many tasks.
- CULTIVATOR - has blades or shovels that work up the soil without
turning it over; is pulled between rows of plants to kill the weeds.
- DISKER - kills the weeds and smooths the soil; metal plates dig
deep into the soil
- HARROW - has iron teeth or spikes; it breaks up clumps and
smooths out the soil
- DISK HARROW - a harrow that turns and loosens the soil; has rolling
saucer-shaped metal plates that are set on an angle to dig deep into
- DRILL (seeder) - plants seeds ; a shovel cuts a trench in the soil, the seed
falls into the trench and loose soil covers the seeds.
- AIR SEEDER - has separate tanks for seeds, fertilizer and
- SPRAYER - used for liquid herbicide or insecticide; solution
is sprayed through nozzles.
- SWATHER - (windrower) cuts down the crop and lays the plants in a swath on top
of the stubble.
- COMBINE - picks up the swath, separates the seeds from the stems and
throws the straw back on the field
- AUGER - a long metal tube (on wheels) which carries grain upward and dumps
the grain into a granary or truck.
- TRUCKS - used for hauling the grain to the granaries and storage bins, or
to the grain elevators.
- MOWER - cuts hay or feed crops
- BALER - picks up hay or straw and forms it into round or square
bales for storage.
fertilizing in spring
tilling the field
Tractors, trucks and other farm implements are very expensive.
A farmer's investment in land, buildings, machinery and livestock
may reach over a million dollars. Seed, fertilizer (plant food), herbicides (weed control )
and pesticides (insect control) must
be purchased. Fuel is needed to operate the machinery.
photos of farm machinery
2003 (updated July 2011)
Web Pages for Students